Friday, March 20, 2009

Switching to ( or changing ) static IP address on Ubuntu Intrepid

Today, somehow the network of my college got reconfigured or something, and all subnets got changed hostel wise. Hence, the network wasn't being accessed by the old IP addresses. Now, in the earlier versions of Ubuntu (before Intrepid) it was relatively easy to change the static IP addresses from the Network Manager in the panel, but Intrepid onwards, this intreface has been changed and I had been wondering for a while how to do it. Now, today, since it was an absolutely desperate situation, I finally figured a way out.

  • Open the file /etc/network/interfaces in your favourite editor:

        $ sudo gedit /etc/network/interfaces

You would find something like this:

auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

iface eth0 inet static
auto eth0

  • If you don't find the last 4 lines in this file, then your network configuration is set to dynamic IP. So, add these four lines to the end of this file. And, if your see these lines, it means your have previously set your IP address to static. Now, to change your static adderss, change the address given below the line 'iface eth0 static' (here, whatever address u want.

  • Finally, restart the networking service by the command:

      $sudo /etc/init.d/networking restart

  • Verify the change by the command:

$ip addr

You would see the new IP address in the eth0 section!


Now, I stumbled upon this solution when I was checking out the man pages of 'ip' and related commands and then I tried the command for restarting the network. When it didn't work, I opened the file /etc/init.d/networking and found that that the script uses the files in the /etc/network directory. There I found the file named 'interfaces' and upon opening it, I knew this was what I was searching for!

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